PRIMARY SOURCES OF GREEK HISTORY AND FOLKLORE
translated into English
From there, he sent preachers (Nikiforos Fokas) to the leader of Carthage, as a gift he presented the sword of the murdered and incompetent Muhammad, which he took as a trophy in the fortress, which he had captured in Palestine, asking again for patrikios Nikita
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translated into English
1. The Greek nation, is famous for the knowledge of everything. 833 A.D.
“After receiving a letter, Theophilus (from the leader of the Saracenians Mamum about the transfer of knowledge to them, mainly about geometry,), he considered it inappropriate to transmit this knowledge, which the Greeks are famous for, for the peoples of idolaters, and did not agree with what he was asked....................
2. The exchange of the sword of Muhammad with patrikios Nikitas! 969 A.D.
3. The greatest and most venerable emperor of Romeon against the bloody nation of the Bulgarians! 965 A.D.
“Thus, while he was busy, the messengers of Bulgarians appeared before him, demanding ordinary taxes for their leader, for this reason, they were sent to the Emperor....................
4. Theodora’s response to the threats of the Bulgarians, 863 AD
“The leader of the Bulgarians, having learned that a woman with a small child rules the Romans (Greeks), was greatly devastated.
That is why the messengers, who were sent to the queen, were sent with threats to annul the agreement, and to invade the country of the Greeks..............
5.The baptism of Vogoris in 864.
''Something else happened which led the ruler to the right religion and confirmed him in it. He had an insatiable appetite for hunting and he wanted to satisfy it, not only out on the chase but also when he was relaxing at home – by looking at pictures of hunting scenes. Having just built himself a new house, he now engaged a painter, a greek monk named Mehtodios. He told this monk to fill the dwelling with pictures but (as though he were under the guidance of devine inspiration) he did non specify in so many words which and what kind of wild animals were to................
6. When the night hasn’t clouds, the stars become even brighter. 11th century
“If you look at the starry sky,
You would say it's a meadow or green grass
the ground is paved with brilliant stones
it's not much compared to the stars and even the best things on earth
... clear sky............................
7. The visiting of emperor Manuel II Paleologos at London, 1400
''On the feast of St Thomas the apostle [21 December], the emperor of the Greeks visited the king of England in London to seek help against the Saracens, and was honourably received by him, staying with him for two whole months at enormous expense to the king, and being showered with gifts at his departure. ......................
8. Constantinople: One homeland for all people
“Like herds of animals, people from all over the earth come here to visit a place of worship. All the nations of the earth and all the languages of the world in Constantinople come into contact with each other, communicate and exchange information with each other, buying and transmitting what they need from here to their homeland, since everything can be found in this city. There is no chance to see our city devastated and calm, it is always full of foreigners....................
9. I lose my self-control by the Byzantine women, 7th c.
"Allow me to stand behind you, not to be tempted, because everyone knows I'm crazy with women, and I'm afraid that if I see the greek (Rum) women, I'll lose my self-control."..................
10. The people of the Balkan Peninsula *, at the beginning of the 19th century.
24. [People of the Balkan Peninsula]
Generations living on the territory of the Balkan Peninsula are Turks, Slavs, Greeks and Vlachs.
The Turks, those who lived in the province of Asia Turkestan and along the Caspian Sea, and the Slavs are Bulgarians, Serbs, Bosnians and Arvanites, where in ancient times the Bulgarians were called Thracians, and Illyrian Albanians.
This clan of Albanians and Bulgarians, Serbs and Bosnians, inhabited the Balkan Peninsula many centuries ago, escaping from the territory of European Scythia, which was also called Sarmatia. But the character of this Northern Slavic clan is still preserved in all parts of the Balkans, having its own special language.................
11. Characteristics of the people of the Balkan Peninsula, early 19th century
“26. [Characteristics of the people of the Balkan Peninsula]
Since the people of the Balkan Peninsula are very different, their customs are also different. The Turks are Ottomans, they have big bodies, merciless, ignorant, moderate and not as bad, as Europeans think, coffee and tobacco lovers. They sit cross-legged and sleep on the ground on the carpets. Turks eat little and fast and love hunting. They do not speak much and explain everything briefly......................
12. One statistics of the Cyclades at 1813
« To his Excellency, the most Fortunate, the most Merciful,
my Benefactor and most generous Lord and Master,
Hassan, by the grace of God Captain Pashaw.
The Islands are—Naxia, Paros, Tinos, Andros, Myconi, Zea,
Thermia, Anaffi, Astropalias, Amorgos, and Antiparos.
The largest and most fruitful. Besides the city, it contains 35 villages. In all the island they count 20,000 souls. It abounds in oranges, but particularly in lemons ; the juice of which, and distillations from the rind,....................
13. The marble emperor
“When the time came for the Turks to conquer Constantinople, and they entered the city, King Constantine Paleologos, riding a horse, blocked their path. There was a countless crowd of Turks, thousands surrounded him, and he repeatedly struck them with a sword. Then his horse was killed, and he fell down too.
And then the Arab raised his sword to defeat the king, but the Angel of the Lord came and turned the king into marble to save him from death, seized up him, and carried him into a cave deep underground, near the Golden Gate..................
14. The royal head and the eagle, tradition from Thessaly.
Emperor Constantine was killed after all. They cut off his head and presented it to the Sultan, who stood at the castle and was afraid to enter while Konstantin was alive. When the sultan saw the king’s head, he was delighted and said: “Now this is my city” and went to the Saint Sophia, and there he put Constantine’s head on a pillar in the square, and all the Turks gathered to look at it.
Then the sultan embalmed his head and gave it to Pasha, so that he showed it to all the kings of the world, so that everyone would believe that the sultan really killed the king and captured the city, and that everyone recognized him as the first king of the world..............................
15. A tale from the region of Epirus - Monoviza (a woman with one breast)
“Was a queen in one kingdom and she had only one big breast, and she threw it on her back. Her name was Vodina, she had one only child and he was crazy, and he came to destroy our lands. But the inhabitants of Epirus killed him, and when a queen found out that her son was killed, she came to avenge her child, armed her ships and took some from the island of Corfu, and arrived with a large army in Avlona and in the port of Forty Saints, and during months captured the city of Berati, the entire region of Liaburian and reached Argiros......................
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